The research and innovation policy of the Länder
Whether it is about electromobility and creative industries in Berlin or marine research and maritime sectors in Schleswig-Holstein, thanks to the federal structures in Germany, the States can concentrate on their strenghts and promote them.
Germany’s federal structure makes it possible for the regional capabilities, resources and infrastructures of the 16 Länder to be developed and utilised in accordance with the applicable circumstances and conditions in each case. In parallel with the support activities of the Federal Government, the Länder carry out numerous Land-specific funding measures in the areas of research, technology and innovation policy.
The regional differences in research and Innovation funding and the specific emphases of the Länder both contribute to strengthening the German research and innovation system as a whole.
The specific strengths of the individual regions – their technological, economical and innovation competence – are taken into consideration, together with any spatial structures and special features they might have. Therefore, the Land-specific funding measures complement the overarching measures in place at the federal level. For example, while the Länder conduct funding measures in the same or similar technology contexts, their priorities and emphases may differ from those of the Federal Government.
In keeping with their sovereignty in policy matters, the Länder are each presenting their research, technology and innovation policies under their own responsibility in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation 2016. In this abstract, the presentations only focus thematically on the goals and emphases of the research, technology and innovation policy of the respective Länder. Furthermore, in order to classify the strategic emphases, selected structural and innovation indicators are illustrated in tabular form.